The Kaesong Collection unfolds a stylistic and genre panorama of Korean contemporary painting and brings out two aspects in the development of Korean painting. One of them is associated with long art traditions of Korea, the Far East countries and their art heritage, the other, more modernist trends on the arena of the world art. Still, the major subject of Korean painting remains the landscape. It has its origins in China; however, it was gradually growing in importance and finally developed into an independent genre.
Oriental artists aspired to embody landscape as an exalted garden of nature and to transfer it to a symbolic level. Therefore, traditional Oriental landscapes mostly capture wild nature motifs - mountains, canyons, waterfalls, rivers and lakes. The landscape painting was in a certain measure connected to the attempts to portray a only specific reality of forms. The traditional "rock and water" paintings served for rendering the balance between the origins of peace and movement, indispensable for the achievement of final harmony.